Reading the pertinent literature, reading fiction and reading poetry informs your own thinking about your work. The thinking will help you generate more writing. Take breaks. The stress of writing and sitting in front of a computer for long stretches of time can have adverse effects on your health. One of the breaks I like to take when writing involves exercise. As I wrote my dissertation, I took walks and rode my mountain bike. Plus, the act of exercise -- either during it or afterward -- has helped me work through ideas for my dissertation, my book and various articles I have written between and now.
Since we have chosen self-flagellating vocations, it is perfectly fine to remind yourself that you do not need to be chained to your desk in order to produce solid written work. I hope these tips help. If you found any of them useful, please share this essay with other academics in the midst of writing their dissertations with hopes more of them can finish the work they started.
Bertin M. Louis Jr. His research and teaching interests include religion, race and racism. He also studies human rights and statelessness among Haitians in the Bahamas and antiracist social movements in the U. He also served as a guest on the third season of Blackademics TV. Expand comments Hide comments. View the discussion thread.
We have retired comments and introduced Letters to the Editor. Share your thoughts ». Advertise About Contact Subscribe. Coronavirus Live Updates - 57 min 47 sec ago. Career Advice. Conditionally Accepted. Advice for Writing -- and Finishing -- Your Dissertation. Louis offers five tips for moving past intimidation all the way to completion. By Bertin M. January 24, Bio Bertin M. Read more by Bertin M. Inside Higher Ed Careers Hiring?
Post A Job Today! You may also be interested in Opinions on Inside Higher Ed. Not-So-Silent Reading. Class-Specific Mask Requirements. Learning Innovation. Should You Get That Ph. University of Venus. Parental environments influence career decisions both directly and indirectly with its relationship to outcome expectations. The people, places and things surrounding students as they grow up do not affect their own outlook about careers Mattison, Kwak n.
In that manner, the parents being good role models would be satisfactorily succeeded by their children. Learning Standards for Career Development and Occupational Studies at Three Levels reports that students must possess certain traits for them to be knowledgeable about the world of work, explore career options, and relate personal skills, aptitudes, and abilities for future career decisions: 1 continue development of a career plan that would assist in the transition from school to eventual entry into a career option; 2 demonstrate an understanding of the relationship among personal interest, skills and abilities, career research; 3 demonstrate an understanding of the relationship between the changing future of work and educational requirements; and 4 understand the relationship of personal choices to future career decisions.
Francisco n. Bautista in her study The Employability of PUP Bachelor in Office Administration Graduates: An Evaluation suggests that necessary steps should be undertaken to arouse the interests of the students particularly in pursuing the type of job that is in line with the course they have taken up. Graduate education among educators becomes a necessity due to the increasing competition in our society, as well as rapid educational changes and technological advancement since there are more jobs that enter the country which require skills that would not only be at par with the others but outdo them.
Synthesis and Relevance of the Reviewed Literature and Studies The related literature and studies discussed above prove helpful to the researchers in determining and analyzing the career path of fourth year Bachelor in Teacher Education students. Waugh , Holland and Derr agree that a career is basically based on individual choices.
Meily underscores the importance of responsibility for teachers insofar as they impact on the society in general. Relativo puts premium on pre- service education as a requisite for every budding teacher. Thompson agrees Fizer enumerates factors that play in making career choices such as interest in field, and academic factors where the students choose their major based on their academic performance.
Burnchett and Thompson agree that employees should have sufficient and constant education and training so as not to become obsolete due to changing technology. Similarly, Buton and Chukwurah reach an agreement that supervisors play prominent roles in preparing students to become more responsible citizens, capable of making economic decisions that would benefit their personal and professional lives. Pabiton n. Mattison adds that major influential factors include self-efficacy, expectations, and family, teacher, friends and relatives.
Further, Kwak recognizes educational background of parents as a factor that affects the career choice of children. Indeed, these foreign and local literature and studies bolster the conduct of the current study, as these provide the proper framework and concepts hereto. It covers the research method and instrument used, research design, population and sampling, respondents, data gathering procedures, and statistical treatment of data. Method of Research This study used the descriptive survey method to determine the factors that influence the pursuance to teaching or office work of the graduating fourth year students of Bachelor in Business Teacher Education at Polytechnic University of the Philippines, Sta.
Descriptive research obtains facts about existing conditions in a phenomenon, and describes and interprets revealing conditions or relationships that exist or do not exist, practices that prevail or do not, beliefs or points of view or attitudes that are held or not, processing that are going on or otherwise effects that are being felt, or trends that are developing Calderon, There were two categories of specialization of the respondents: 1 those majoring in Business in Technology and Livelihood Education; and 2 those majoring in Information Technology Education.
The researchers used the convenience sampling technique to generate out of students based on the availability of the respondents. The researchers covered all the sections of fourth year BBTE students. They are both male and female. Research Instrument In order to obtain the desired data from the fourth year BBTE students, the researchers of this study used survey questionnaires as the major instrument, composed of three parts — profiles of the respondents, checklist, and a ranking scale of the different factors that influence the pursuance of teaching and office works of the students.
The second part of the questionnaire was a checklist composed of seven items. Respondents were asked to answer each question by checking the corresponding box in the columns. The third part of the questionnaire was about the different factors that influence the pursuance to teaching or office works composed of 25 items. The rating scale or Likert four-point scale used in the questionnaire composed of 4 — strongly agree; 3 — agree; 2 — disagree; 1 — strongly disagree.
The researchers asked the permission of the Dean, Dr. Junithesmer D. After the researchers obtained the approval of Dr. The questionnaires that had been validated by research experts and panelists had been distributed to the respondents, who answered the respective questions based on their knowledge, the researchers assuring the respondents that the data gathered would be treated with utmost confidentiality.
The results were tallied and tabulated according to the frequency of the items checked by the respondents. After the tabulation, results were interpreted using various statistical tools. Statistical Treatment of Data For the purpose of analysis and interpretation, the data gathered were coded, tallied and tabulated subjected to the following statistical treatment: 1. Frequency and Percentage The frequency and distributions were used to categorize the respondents according to their personal background variables such as sex, section and specialization in the first part of the questionnaire.
Ranking The researchers used the ranking technique in the study to compare the importance of the items analyzed. Ranking as a descriptive measure ought to describe numerical data in addition to percentage. This was used in the second part of the questionnaire. Weighted Mean Another technique used by the researchers in the study was the weighted mean.
Pearson r Correlation Pearson r Correlation was used to determine the significant relationship between the determinants of teaching and office works. Pearson r Correlation has been widely used in statistics to measure the relationship between the linear related variables. For the Pearson r correlation, both variables should be normally distributed to the following formula variables are used to calculate the Pearson r correlation. Table 2 Profile of Respondents in Terms of Sex.
Majority of the respondents were female with a frequency of one hundred three and percentage of Table 3 below presents the type of school where the respondents prefer to teach. Majority or one hundred thirteen of the respondents Majority of the respondents with a total number of one hundred twenty-nine having a percentage of Majority with a total number of one hundred sixty or Majority of the respondents with the total of one hundred thirty-two or Majority of the respondents answered no with a total number of Table 8 below reveals the level of education the respondents prefer to teach.
Majority of the respondents or ninety-seven 97 with a percentage of Majority or ninety 90 of the respondents chose to teach computer ICT , eighty-four 84 preferred TLE, thirty-seven 37 preferred Business Technology, twenty-seven 27 preferred stenography, twenty-six 26 preferred Management, another twenty-six 26 Entrepreneurship, twenty-five preferred Office Procedure, and twenty-one preferred Marketing.
Majority or eighty 80 or Majority or one hundred forty-eight or Fifty-three respondents or Majority of the respondents answered yes with the total of one hundred twenty-two having a percentage of Majority of the respondents answered yes with a total number of eighty-one 81 having a On the other hand, Father as the role model My father is a teacher received Disagree responses at a weighted mean of 2.
As a whole, familial-related factors generated an overall weighted mean of 2. These results are comparable to the study of Peled which found that fathers were less involved in parenting their adolescents than mothers did, insofar as adolescents were more securely attached to their mothers than to their fathers. As a whole, individual-related factors in choosing a career generated an overall weighted mean of 3. Relativo earlier pointed out that a school teacher is not just a teacher but also a community leader, a confidante, a friend, a parent, a counselor, and a very respectable citizen.
Waugh states that students do not decide alone but ask their family, friends, or relatives for advice. As a whole, psychosocial-emotional-related factors in choosing a career generated an overall weighted mean of 3. Fizer stated that personality plays a role in choosing a career where the students who believe in themselves have more confidence and are more likely to go for what they want instead of settling for something that is comfortable. As a whole, competencies-related factors in choosing a career generated an overall weighted mean of 3.
Pabiton noted that the students must be given all the chances to learn and develop the skills and attitudes required for various occupations insofar as the necessity to meet the needs of the business industry is a must for all colleges and that the trainings should be constant and in sync with the latest technology. As a whole, familial-related factors in pursuing office work generated Agree responses with an overall weighted mean of 2.
As a whole individual-related factors in pursuing office work generated Agree responses from respondents with overall weighted mean of 3. Raquedar reported that most of the companies and offices considered training as an integral part of an organization, insofar as training involves job instruction regarding the particular work, human relation, personality development and psycho-emotional stability.
Zunker states that individuals are attracted to a given career by their particular personalities and numerous variables that constitute their backgrounds. Generally, these psychosocial-emotional factors generated Agree responses with an overall weighted mean of 3. Mc Ginley stated that students choose careers that are in line with their interests, values, goals, and abilities. Generally, these competency-related factors generated Agree responses with an overall weighted mean of 3.
Therefore, the null hypothesis is rejected. This means that the relationship between familial-related factors of the office work and teaching is strong with Pearson coefficient value of 0. Parents also exert the This means that individual-related factors of the office work relates strongly with teaching with a Pearson coefficient value of 0. This means that psychosocial- emotional factors of the office work and teaching are strongly related with a Pearson coefficient value of 0.
This means that competencies-related factors of office work and teaching are very strongly related with Pearson coefficient value of 0. These results are related to the study of Pegarido which stated that a graduating student should be fully aware that he must continuously grow and learn, advance his educational qualification, and be updated with the latest innovations.
It Summary The main purpose of this study was to identify the determinant factors of career path between teaching and office work among fourth year Bachelor in Business Teacher Education students of the Polytechnic University of the Philippines, Sta.
The researchers hypothesized that there is no significant relationship between the determinants of teaching and office work using descriptive survey method to determine the factors that influence the pursuance to teaching or office work of the graduating fourth year BBTE students. The major instrument used in this study was survey questionnaire in which frequencies and percentage, ranking, weighted mean and Pearson r correlation were determined using statistical treatment.
Majority of the respondents are females with a frequency of one hundred three and percentage of On the other hand, males comprised of sixty-eight 68 respondents with a percentage of In teaching profession in terms of type of school, or The preferred place of teaching was the urban areas among or In terms of teaching abroad, seventy-seven 77 or As regard list of subjects, ninety 90 at rank 1 preferred to teach ICT, while twenty-one 21 at rank 8 preferred to teach Marketing-related subjects.
One-hundred forty-eight or In terms of taking up the civil service examination, or As to working abroad, majority or 81 As regard individual-related factors, achievement needs I want to improve my career development in teaching were agreed to by respondents with the highest weighted mean of 3. In the aspect of societal-related factors, profession reputation Being a teacher is a respectable profession was agreed to by respondents with the highest weighted mean of 3.
On the part of psychosocial-emotional factors, respondents agreed to willingness to learn To adapt changing skills and techniques in teaching with the highest weighted mean of 3. In the aspect of competencies-related factors, respondents agreed with highest weighted mean of 3. In terms of familial-related factors relating to office work, the respondents agreed with the weighted mean of 3. As to individual-related factors, the respondents agreed to achievement needs I want to improve my career development in office work with the highest weighted mean of 3.
On the part of societal-related factors, respondents agreed to profession reputation Office professional is a respectable profession with the highest weighted mean of 3. On the aspect of psychosocial-emotional factors, the respondents agreed to willingness to learn To adapt changing skills and techniques in office works with highest weighted mean of 3.
In the aspect of competencies- related factors, respondents agreed to computer literacy I could be efficient in computer works as an office worker with the highest weighted mean of 3. The relationship between office work and teaching according to familial- related factors has been found to be strong with a Pearson coefficient value of 0. On the other hand, the relationship between office work and teaching according to individual-related factors has been found to be strong with a Pearson coefficient value of 0.
The relationships are both strong between the office work and the teaching according to societal-related factors has been found to be strong with a Pearson coefficient value of 0. Lastly, the relationship between the office work and the teaching according to competencies-related factors has been found to be very strong with a Pearson Coefficient value of 0.
Most of the respondents were female, because teaching courses are mostly taken by female than male. In teaching profession, the respondents preferred to teach in public schools than in private schools located in urban areas than in rural areas; majority of the respondents opted to take LET while the least were undecided.
In addition, most of the respondents had no plan to teach abroad while the least were still undecided; majority of them liked to teach in high school while the least preferred the elementary school. Most of the respondents preferred to teach ICT, while the least preferred Marketing- related subjects. In office profession, majority preferred to work in a public or government offices than in private offices located in urban than in rural areas. Additionally, most of the respondents considered working abroad.
There is a significant relationship between the factors of teaching and office work. Recommendations Based on the foregoing findings and conclusions, the researchers would recommend the following: 1. Conduct studies covering other year levels of BBTE and other Education students of PUP or other universities and to enhance the questionnaire that would consider other probable factors.
The College of Education in collaboration with professors and staff should encourage the students to optimize career development in rural areas or in private institutions after graduating. With the help of the professors or advisers of each class, they should persuade their students to take a LET or civil service examination for better professional qualifications.
Furthermore, they should motivate their students to pursue post-graduate and graduate degrees. Parents should encourage, guide, motivate and inspire their children in carefully choosing their career and profession. The College of Education should constantly conduct comprehensive career development seminars and trainings to properly prepare and equip the students toward a carefully-chosen career and profession.
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