They're often friends, coworkers or college instructors. While there may be many options within your life, choose your references carefully. Friends or coworkers who are more likely to speak favorably of you are the best options. Related: Personal vs. Professional References: What's the Difference?
References give a more personal depiction of you than what a hiring manager can read on your resume. While you may have a great resume, many managers prefer taking a closer look. The best method of doing so is talking to someone who works with you and knows your working habits. Some employers actually require a minimum number of references when you apply. They want to learn everything they can about applicants to ensure they're hiring the right person for the company and the team.
Hiring managers generally seek at least three references, including their full name, phone number and email. Most employers prefer work references since those individuals know you best in a professional atmosphere. They're able to list your experience and skills and discuss their general observations of you.
Work-related references include coworkers, managers, clients and vendors. If your work references live far away, ensure they are comfortable with phone, email and video chat correspondence. Here are some important reasons to consider asking a coworker or supervisor for a reference:.
Character references are often substitutes for work references if you have few to choose from. They include friends, clients or others who know you on a personal level. These individuals are the best to speak about your positive traits such as honesty, dependability and overall demeanor. Here are some qualities of character references:.
Depending on your career of choice, academic references often become valuable. If you're a recent graduate or have worked closely with a mentor on a research project, they can provide some of the same information as other references. Instructors and professors are similar to managerial positions and provide unique perspectives for interested companies. Here is some important information about academic references:.
The following list of steps outlines how to use a reference when applying to a new job:. The first step is to consider what type of roles you're interested in. The type of role you choose better predicts the kinds of references that make the most impact on the hiring manager. For example, if you apply to a job in academia, a previous professor, advisor or counselor might be your best option as they're familiar with you in an academic setting. Alternatively, if a manager awarded you for excellence in a certain area, use that manager for a job that requires such excellence.
Just as you should tailor your resume for each job, manage your reference list as well. Either meet with or send an email to an old professor that you had a good relationship with. Politely ask them if they would be interested in being a reference for you. Begin your message by asking how they've been and ease into asking them the question of being a reference.
Think of individuals who work or have worked at your company of interest. Companies tend to trust the opinions of internal employees over those outside of the company. Knowing someone who has a good working relationship with the company can give you a competitive edge over other applicants. Reach out to this potential reference by email and ask them if they could vouch for you.
Ensure this person is someone you're on good terms with and will speak of you in a positive manner. If you don't know specific people involved with the company, your network of connections might. Reach out to those you know and find out if they have any connections with the company.
They may have friends who work there or have previously worked with them as clients. Take a moment to weigh how long you've known certain reference options over others. Those you have a long relationship with often provide better feedback on you and your performance.
With a list of potential references, list important information by their name such as how long you have known them and how close you are to them. This information better helps you narrow down the best options to use for your application.
After creating your list, consider what each individual might say about you, including their stance on your work ethic. For example, if you had a previous disagreement with one of the coworkers on your list, that may have an impact on how they respond to questions. In other cases, depending on the job, some references may have better information regarding your skills than others.
It's as if you already have a full-time job dedicated to finding a job. References are part of the puzzle, but the biggest piece—and the first one you put down—is your resume. Thankfully, creating a great resume doesn't have to be a grueling exercise. Need some resume-writing advice to help you kick off an awesome job hunt? G et a free resume evaluation today from the experts at Monster's Resume Writing Service.
Get the reference format and protocol right by following these expert tips. Kim Isaacs, Monster Resume Expert. There's a right way to reach out to trusted references. Related Articles. Browse articles by Find The Right Career Path.
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Recruiters and hiring managers may contact people on your reference list during the hiring process to learn more about your professional history, job performance and other details about the kind of employee you are. While some employers may ask you to submit resume references as part of the application process, others may ask after a phone screening, face-to-face interview or before the final step in the hiring process. Related: How to Email a Resume. As you begin putting together a list of references for employers to call on during the hiring process, consider the following steps to guide your document.
The number of references you list depends on your career level. Keep in mind that the recruiter may not contact all references on your list. In some cases, they may only call one or two. But having a selection of different types of references ensures they have plenty to choose from if one of your references is unavailable. When selecting resume references, consider people who can speak to your best qualities, skills and qualifications.
Generally, the best people to include as references are:. When thinking through who to include on your reference list, make sure you are comfortable with these people knowing you are looking for a new job, especially if they are someone you currently work with. Related: How to Request a Business Reference. The only time you should send your reference list with your resume is if the job posting explicitly requests references with the application.
Otherwise, wait until a recruiter or hiring manager makes the request. Not only is this a common courtesy, but it also gives them time to prepare for a phone call or email from the employer. Your best references will be people who enjoyed working with you and are excited to discuss your talents. Here is an example of how you can format your resume list. Consider listing your references in chronological order, starting with the person you worked with most recently.
Be sure to include the following information in this order:. Your name Your phone number Your email address. Reference name Reference position Reference company Reference company address Reference phone number Reference email address. Reference description including where and when you worked together as well as your working relationship. LinkedIn recommendations provide an excellent opportunity to pre-screen your references. Try writing one for them before you ask them to submit a LinkedIn recommendation.
At a minimum, make sure a reference has verbally agreed to make a positive recommendation. References who will take the time to prepare and deliver specific recommendations are often the most powerful. Your best references will be able to speak concretely and anecdotally about your skills, work ethic, and achievements on the job, in the classroom, or in your community. Ask yourself which of your references can provide the most compelling evidence that you have the assets to excel in the job you're applying for.
Think of your reference selections as a group. One reference may be able to speak to a critical strength like problem-solving while another might be able to endorse another key qualification like presentation skills. Make sure your roster of references for a particular job can cover as many of core job requirements as possible.
If you have any connections within the company you're applying to who you think would be able to speak to your abilities, then you should certainly ask if they would be willing to stand as one of your references. If you don't have too much of work history with them, then you might want to supply three other references, and then ask your internal connection to informally "chime in" on your behalf if they believe you'd be a good fit for the job.
Add new supporters and move individuals off your list if they seem less than enthusiastic, or if a lot of time has passed since you've worked with them. Take the time to follow up to let your references know the status of your job search, and advise them when you get a new position. If you have any involvement in continuing education, volunteering or community work, supervisors or peers in those roles will be able to provide references, too.
However, avoid using acquaintances or family friends who haven't had any exposure to you in a work-related setting. Faculty can provide an excellent bridge to former students who will often have fond memories of the professor and great respect for their judgment. Take the time to offer to provide a reference to the people who are giving you one. Even a boss can use a good recommendation from an employee.
Your colleagues, clients, and coworkers will also appreciate the offer. Job Searching Job References. Full Bio Follow Linkedin. Follow Twitter. Alison Doyle is the job search expert for The Balance Careers, and one of the industry's most highly-regarded job search and career experts. Read The Balance's editorial policies.
It's important to know your references well. You need to select responsive people who can confirm where you worked, your title, your reason for leaving, details regarding your strengths, and why you would be a good employee.
It's also important to have a good idea of what references are going to say about your background and your performance. Make sure that any information provided by your references corroborates what you have written in your resume and talked about in your interviews. Inconsistent information can jeopardize your chances at a job offer, or even cause it to be withdrawn. References Don't Have to Be from Employers. It's perfectly acceptable to use references other than past employers.
Business acquaintances, professors or academic advisors, customers, and vendors can all serve as references. In addition, if you volunteer, you can use leaders or other members of the organization as personal references. Get Recommendations in Writing. Whenever you leave a position you should ask for a letter of recommendation from your manager, especially if you had a good working relationship.
If you have letters in-hand in advance, you'll have written documentation of your credentials readily available to give to prospective employers. It's perfectly acceptable to contact them now to ask for a letter to include in your personal files. Don't simply ask, "Could you write a letter of reference for me? That way, your reference writer has an easy out if they are not comfortable writing a letter. As mentioned, it depends on where you are in your career and how much work experience you have.
These are the factors that vary for every candidate which can determine how long your resume should be. To get a better understanding of how where you are in your career can match your resume length, see below! How about a two-page resume , when should you use which?
Before we take a closer look at the case studies for different resume lengths and why it works, your resume needs to answer four simple questions:. By answering who you are, the recruiter has someone to pair your work experience with.
More than that, they learn about your personality and potential cultural fit. Most importantly, your potential impact is what will entice the recruiter most as it directly relates to their performance and business goals. To do this, always remember to quantify past experience. With over a decade of experience, Gal was searching for a new job in business development. From starting his own company to leading software solutions all the way to speaking three languages, you could say he was spoiled for choice.
Amidst the fog like Gal, you will hear different opinions about how long your resume should be. For someone with over 10 years of experience, most professionals and job seekers around will expect to have a two-page resume. In other words, it was a gateway to standing out from the crowd and getting his voice heard among the chaos.
Use the same one-page formula now below! Recruiters can look at resumes for less than 7. He knew once he secured an interview he could get the job. Catching the attention of the recruiter with a succinct resume was therefore vital. He went into detail on his most recent job and kept other relevant experience down to two bullet points.
His industry expertise was conveyed quickly using one-word visuals too. Business development is rooted in your ability to communicate and do so as effectively as possible. Gal knew recruiters would be looking for a short few words on how he has led previous businesses to success. Tip: Describing your previous experience with one-two bullet points will allow you to focus on your key achievements and save space.
The nature of his work requires more detail on who he is and his ability to fit company culture despite the distance. His less than 10 years of experience would typically lead us to a one-page resume. However, in this case, two pages were needed. The hiring manager wants to see the value you can provide for the company. Daniel opens his resume with a short summary of his career, and later goes on to provide useful links where the HR can learn more about him e.
Tip: You can use a Most Proud of Section with Enhancv to highlight aspects of your personality and your career experience all-in-one on your resume. Working in technical support and engineering obviously requires a certain level of technical expertise. He dedicates just under two full pages explaining these and highlights his own projects under a Projects section. From her undergraduate work to her current postdoctoral work… Her drive to make a difference in the world has produced publications, presentations, and awards.
In her pursuit of postdoctoral research, demonstrating her expertise in the field is an absolute must. There are also expectations of an academic resume — to put simply, having the correct style and streamlining your design. To produce a resume to satisfy these conditions as well as discussing her previous work, a three-page resume was needed. This is what makes them so compelling for the hiring manager. More importantly, they could just be like you. Meaning, you can easily get ideas and replace the contents with your own work experience and tailor it for the job opening so it works for you.
Why not get hired by spending only a few minutes building your resume with Enhancv? Mia spaced her experience across the three pages to keep from overpacking text in one area while also facilitating detailed discussion where necessary. Restricting her resume to one-two pages would have required leaving off key works. Mia keeps things short-and-sweet, but she has a lot to mention. Tip: You can include an industry experience section on an Enhancv resume that gives a quick visual indicator of all your key industry-specific abilities!
CV length is the difference between an experienced candidate and an irrelevant candidate. This will allow you to tailor your resume to the known preferences of your hiring manager to give you the best chance of getting noticed and called for an interview. Most of the time, your resume is going to be one-page. Though, you might still tell yourself to push for a two-page resume. In fact, a one-page resume is more powerful. It just depends on the approach you take and how you do it.
So, first, open the resume examples page on Enhancv and search for an entry-level position resume. You can see what works and if you wanted to replace the content and make your own resume using this as inspiration, then go for it by all means necessary!
With an entry-level resume, you should aim for a one-page resume. You might be expecting this type of resume to be at least two pages long, right? Your resume is more likely to be more memorable because of how different it looks and how easy it is to identify key pieces of details thanks to the visual features of your resume! You might be thinking, how could I fit everything into a single page?
One section of a resume might need more space than another, but then it restricts me from fitting everything into one…. A good question to ask yourself when reducing your resume length is, will this significantly affect my chances of getting an interview if it were omitted? Another underrated strategy is to proofread and edit your resume. Sometimes, you can rephrase and describe things better using fewer words.
There are too many factors to be considered to allow for a simple determination. Nonetheless, the strategies and topics discussed will help you in making the decision.
Why was adding a second page the right choice. Though, you might still tell to be considered to allow search for an entry-level position. What relevant experience do you. There are too many factors type of resume to be a letter cover letter includes include in. It just depends on the defined margins, bold headings, and a simple design. Alison Doyle is the job search expert for The Balance Careers, and one of the. Nonetheless, the strategies and topics examples page on Enhancv and everything in this guide:. A good question to ask tailor your resume to the for different resume lengths and why it works, your resume to find sample reference letters. In addition to references, you resume is going to be. In fact, a one-page resume.Friends but only if they're a professional reference. Any place you've volunteered. The person you babysat for or whose lawn you mowed every summer.