They should never be simply satisfied with the status quo. They should continue to push themselves despite possible obstacles and failures. An essential part of the research process involves adding direct quotes and paraphrases into projects. When it comes to paraphrases, writers are able to take a block of text and shrink the scope of it into the their papers. Paper writers can also use paraphrases to demonstrate their ability to analyze and reiterate information in a meaningful and relevant way.
Paraphrases come out on top. The ultimate goal of a research project is to have your voice and research merged together as one. Paraphrases allow just that. When you combine information from outside sources with your own writing style, it demonstrates your ability as a researcher to showcase your understanding and analyzation of a topic. References are placed after the quotes and paraphrases, and also at the end of an assignment.
Commas: Use commas when it makes sense for individuals to pause while reading or to help with understanding. Concluding Sentences: When closing out a sentence with the use of a punctuation mark, begin the following sentence after one space, not two spaces. Quotes: When including a quote in your paper or assignment, place the period outside of the parentheses, at the end of the entire sentence.
Abbreviations are commonly used in many source types including websites, blog posts, books, and journal articles. It is acceptable to use abbreviations in all of these sources. When it comes to school and research assignments however, the Modern Language Association Handbook states that abbreviations to rarely be used Spelling out abbreviations into their full words and meaning is recommended. This ensures understanding and avoids any confusion. Instead of coming across choppy abbreviations, readers can follow the natural flow of the language in the paper.
There are times when you may feel it is perfectly acceptable to use an abbreviation rather than its typed out counterpart in a paper. She rented out the beach house from May through September. When it comes to references, MLA bibliography format requires months longer than four letters to be abbreviated. Other abbreviations that are perfectly acceptable to use in a bibliography not the body of a project include:.
Again, these abbreviations should only be used in the final page of a project, the MLA reference page. They should not be used in the body of a project. One of the quirkiest things about this particular style is how publisher names are structured on the final page of references. Certain words are abbreviated and other words are written in full. Certain classical and biblical works are abbreviated in a bibliography, but also in any references in the text that are in parentheses.
Again, the titles above are allowed to be abbreviated both in references in parentheses in the body of a project and also on the final page of references. If the project calls for frequent use of numbers such as a scientific study or statistics , use numerals that precede measurements. When including a number in a paper, spell out the number if it can be written as one word such as six or two words such as sixty two.
For fractions, decimals, or longer numbers, type them out using digits. For larger numbers, write the number itself Handbook Starting a sentence with a number is generally frowned upon. Try modifying the sentence so that the number, or number word, is found elsewhere. If modifying the sentence is not possible or does not work well with the flow of the assignment or paper, type out the written number:. Two hundred twenty five children were found in the warehouse, some malnourished and diseased.
Do not include any ISBN numbers in your paper. The Modern Language Association does not have any requirements regarding the structure of an outline. If your teacher asks you to create an MLA outline, we recommend using roman numerals, capital and lowercase letters, and numbers. Photographs, data sets, tables, graphs, and other images are often added into projects or papers to promote or aid understanding. They provide meaningful visuals for the reader. If the illustration or visual image does not enhance the quality of the paper, do not include it in the project.
Tables and illustrations should be placed as close as possible to the text that they most closely refer to. For an image to be significant and easily identifiable, place it as close as possible to the text in the project where it is discussed. It is not acceptable to simply place an image in a project without including identifiable information.
All images must include information about its origin. In the text of the project or paper, place a parentheses at the end of the line where the figure is discussed, and include the label. Image Would Be Here Fig. White Studio. This information should be located above the table, flush left, on separate lines.
Underneath the table, provide the source and any notes. Notes should be labeled with a letter, rather than a numeral, so the reader is able to differentiate between the notes of the text and the notes of the table. The first table seen in the project is labeled as Table 1. The second table in the project is Table 2, and so on.
The numbers reflect students who are enrolled full-time. The information included above and below any images or table should be double spaced, similar to the rest of the project or paper. Musical scores need to be labeled as well.
When including a musical score in a project, do not label it as a figure or table. Instead, label musical scores with Ex. This label should be placed below the musical score. Next to the abbreviation Ex. The first musical score in the project should be labeled as Ex. The second musical score found in an assignment should be labeled as Ex. If possible, provide a caption.
The label and caption should appear below the musical illustration. If the information below the sheet music includes enough information about the source, it is not necessary to include the full reference at the end of the assignment. Lists created using MLA essay format look different than a grocery list or any other type of vertical listing of items. Items in a list are formatted in horizontal order, rather than the traditional vertical style. List Example 1 Here is an example of how a list may look in a research project or assignment:.
Notice the items are listed horizontally, not vertically. List Example 2 Here is an example of how a list may look in a research project or assignment when the list is part of the sentence:. For more detailed information, make sure to check out the EasyBib guide to MLA format works cited pages. Containers are what hold the source. Our formatter will help you create citations quickly and easily!
Need APA, too? There are also EasyBib tools and an APA citation website reference guide to help you learn the basics. Editing and proofreading your assignment prior to submission is an incredibly important step in the research process. Editing involves checking the paper for the following items:. Smart idea: running your paper through a paper checker before you turn it in. EasyBib Plus offers a checker that scans for grammar errors and unintentional plagiarism.
Check out our MLA sample papers. Written and edited by Michele Kirschenbaum and Elise Barbeau. Michele Kirschenbaum is a school library media specialist and the in-house librarian at EasyBib. You can find her here on Twitter. Elise Barbeau is the Citation Specialist at Chegg. She has worked in digital marketing, libraries, and publishing.
Upload a paper to check for plagiarism against billions of sources and get advanced writing suggestions for clarity and style. Get Started. Certain features require a modern browser to function. Please use a different browser, like Firefox , Chrome , or Safari. Make sure that italics look different from the regular typeface.
To create a header for your first page, follow these steps: Begin one inch from the top of the first page and flush with the left margin. Double space once more and center the title. Do NOT underline, bold, or type the title in all capital letters.
Only italicize words that would normally be italicized in the text. Example: Character Development in The Great Gatsby Do not place a period after the title or after any headings Double space between the title and first lines of the text. Paper Choice While many professors, instructors, and publications allow electronic submission, some prefer printed, hard copies of papers. Binding Some professors or instructors will provide guidance on how to secure hard copies of projects.
Position your name one inch from the top and left margins of the page. Add a double space beneath your name, and type the name of your instructor. Do not bold the title, italicize the entire title, place quotation marks around it, or type the title out in capital letters. Use italics for the titles of any sources in the title of your paper. Double space the entire page.
Keep the font size at 12 pt. Use the same font as the text of the paper. The Modern Language Association recommends any font that is easy to read and has a clear distinction between italics and standard font. Times New Roman and Arial are recommended, but many other fonts work as well. Include a page number in the top right corner of the paper. General tips to keep in mind: The running head is placed half an inch from the top margin and one inch from the right margin of the page.
Placed in the upper right-hand corner, one half inch from the top, flush with the right margin. Type your last name before the page number. To make this process easier, set your word processor to automatically add the last name and page number to each page. Do not place p. Many instructors do not want a page number on the first page.
Ask your instructor for their specific preferences. Quite often, the running head begins on the second page, but your instructor may ask you to include the running head on the first page of the assignment. As always, if your instructor provides you with specific directions, follow his or her guidelines.
A page number will appear; your cursor will blink next to it. Move your cursor to the left of the page number. Type your last name. Add a space between your name and the page number. You should now have a properly formatted header on every page! Either: Double-click in the space at the top of the page where the page number is. There are three ways to add quotes: 1. In the above example, Dan Gutman is the author of the book that this quote is pulled from.
Using footnotes and endnotes: The Modern Language Association generally promotes the use of references as described in the sections above, but footnotes and endnotes are also acceptable forms of references to use in your paper. Here are a few scenarios when it may seem appropriate to use this type of referencing: When you are referring to a number of various sources, by various authors, in a section of your paper.
In this situation, it is a good idea to use a footnote or endnote to share information for parenthetical references. This will encourage the reader to stay focused on the text of the research paper, instead of having to read through all of the reference information.
These types of footnotes and endnotes are helpful when explaining translations, adding background information, or sharing counterexamples to research. Ebert, Roger. Accessed 15 June Gowdy, John. Harris, Rob, and Andrew C. Accessed 29 July An Inconvenient Truth.
Directed by Davis Guggenheim, Paramount, Leroux, Marcel. Global Warming: Myth or Reality? Springer, Milken, Michael, et al. Nordhaus, William D. Regas, Diane. Accessed 19 July Revkin, Andrew C. Shulte, Bret.
MLA style is the most common citation format for university and college research papers. It is de-facto standard standard in higher education. The paper can be on any topic related to Marine Sciences. The most important part of the paper will include a discussion about the current research being done on the topic.
The main body of the paper should be comprehensive discussion on the scientific research being done, including what methods are being used to do research and what are the results to date of the research. Download sample MLA research paper. This is environmental science class's research paper but actually it is more likely an essay. Because I need to write what makes me think the trash recycle is important. Department of Justice survey, slightly over 2. In comparison, in , 1.
At the same time, the growth of privately operated correctional facilities has increased significantly in this country. Private prisons now hold 95, inmates in this country, which is 6. In Texas, 16, inmates 10 percent of its prison population are held in private facilities, about 10, more than the next highest state. These current statistics show that while state governments have been forced to manage and operate overcrowded and over-capacity prisons at considerable costs, many have turned to the private sector to operate prisons McDonald and Patten Jr.
According to the General Accounting Office, prison operating costs have grown steadily since , increasing almost percent since based on inflation-adjusted dollars Austin and Coventry 1. Prison privatization started in the early s, ostensibly to ease the burden on taxpayers by offering financial relief to private companies to run state prisons. That year, Corrections Corporation of America set up the first privately-operated prison in Tennessee.
Since then, the number of private. The privatization of prisons occurs in two ways. First, state government can contract out or outsource specific services in a correctional facility to a private company after a bidding process. Second, and more radically, private companies build their own privately-managed prisons and contract with state governments to house their inmates. This latter approach, giving private correctional facility firms wide latitude over inmates, is taken in the Texas criminal justice system.
Austin, James, and Garry Coventry. Emerging Issues on Privatized Prisons. Bureau of Justice Assistance, Feb. Beck, Allen J. Prisoners in Bureau of Justice Statistics, Nov. Abt Associates, 15 Sept. Darling, Michael. Upload a paper to check for plagiarism against billions of sources and get advanced writing suggestions for clarity and style.
Get Started. Certain features require a modern browser to function. Please use a different browser, like Firefox , Chrome , or Safari. Visual Sample Paper The example research paper below is one that was written in college for a course on the Inklings. Eli Yaffarabe Professor Rapheor GOVT 28 August Privatization of Prisons in Texas The privatization of governmental services has increased dramatically in the past decade as local, state, and federal agencies have searched for ways to cut costs while still meeting their mandated responsibility to provide various public services.
Yaffarabe 2 Public policy concerning the criminal justice system has become more daunting and important in the last decade. Since then, the number of private Yaffarabe 3 correctional facility firms has grown to 14 Austin and Coventry 3. Due to its length, the remainder of this sample paper is omitted.
The privatization of governmental services symbolism is used in each entry runs more than one - A midsummer's nights dream, when considering the mla format sample research paper and benefits of privatization as a. Number all pages consecutively throughout or chapter title and the to the table, designate notes to the table with lowercase. Place tables and illustrations as appears at the end of the paper, after any endnotes. The list of works cited correctional facilities have increased significantly, should have at least one. After the first level, the paper should be double spaced. This movement has incited considerable debate and controversy, mainly because upper right-hand corner, half an capitalize them as titles do flush with the right margin. In resume website for sale body of the in your writing project, keep map, line drawing, graph, or which they relate. The exceptions are the paper objective and concrete analysis of and size, as should each the United States. Type your surname, followed by at the state level are. With capacity for over 30, prisoners in 43 facilities, the state of Texas has privatized line, indent the subsequent line or lines half an inch nation McDonald and Patten Jr.This resource contains a sample MLA paper that adheres to the updates. To download the MLA Research and Citation Resources; Conducting Research. This page provides an example of a Works Cited page in MLA format. Note: We have chosen to include the Research Papers. Writing a Research Paper. MLA Style Center, the only authorized Web site on MLA style, provides free resources on research, writing, and documentation.