We recommend the following sections: Header — Center the header, make sure your name is in bigger font than the rest, and write your address, phone number, and email address right below that. Avoid graphics, emojis, modeling photos, etc. For each one, use a project-centric or task-centric structure and describe the specifics and the results of your work.
Resume Tips for Experienced Professionals. Focus — You should focus much more heavily on your full-time investment banking or other experience and cut back on the rest. Leadership and Client Experience — At this level, you need to emphasize your client work and the ability to lead teams and execute projects more than sheer technical prowess. Common Resume Mistakes to Avoid.
Sometimes in other regions, it is acceptable to include a standard professional photo of yourself. The same applies to gaps in your work experience, transfers to other universities, and so on. But what if you want additional, personalized help? No detail is ignored. Regional badminton champion? Stamp collector? In fact, we purposely turn down potential clients in cases where we cannot add much value.
We prefer quality over quantity, and we always want to ensure that we can work well together first. This website and our partners set cookies on your computer to improve our site and the ads you see. No, we do not, because the ideas are pretty much the same. Very helpful, thank you. I have two questions. Do you have any deal sheet templates for experienced PE professionals?
How much detail do I have to go into? You still write about how you drove the deal forward, affected the outcome, found errors or addressed problems, and so on. Would you list non-completed deals as a PE professional? Would you normally see these named or stated as description i. Yes, you can still list the most relevant other transactions, even if they did not close or your firm dropped out of the process. Super helpful. The only thing you can really do to help yourself with headhunters is to be very specific about what you want Fund Type, Size, Strategy, Location, Industry, etc.
You may want to expand it to cover more of the resume or dig in deeper as to what kind of tasks are impressive to a private equity interviewer. Also, on a side note, I read your "Boutique Investment Bank" blurb. Must admit, I was rather offended by the comment: "The only situation where you might want to pick a boutique instead is if you have offers from multiple banks, are reasonably confident the boutique will give you good work, and just like the people or work environment a lot more after thorough investigation.
I have friends who have gone to these places and on the whole they have not had good experiences, though some have. I would be dishonest if I told people to pick a regional boutique because they thought it would give them better work experience, a higher salary, or better "exit opportunities. As I said in the post, the bottom line is that it is very random, much more so than going to a larger place. Sorry if I offended you, but I stand by my advice that it is generally a safer bet to go to a bulge bracket , top boutique, or even middle-market vs.
Thanks for the thoughts on the PE resume piece. It's hard to generalize what specific tasks the recruiters like; generally they want to see lots of modeling experience and really strong analytical abilities. I'll see if I can add anymore detail, but again based on my own experiences and friends' experiences recruiting, I do think it's highly dependent on someone's own experiences. Without trying to hijack the original purpose of this thread, I will say that I agree with Dosk from the perspective that a lot of people choose boutiques for the wrong reasons that also happen to be the BS people tend to feed interviewers during MM boutique interviews.
Things like "smaller deal teams" or "more hands on experience" or "tighter knit culture" or "more client interaction. The biggest misconception about BB's for some people, I mean is that you become just a face in the crowd and nobody cares about you. Well, it's true, as an analyst you are a replacable commodity, but that holds true whether it be Goldman or Goldsmith Agio.
In terms of smaller deal teams, the biggest deal team I was ever on was 6 people. Was I face in the crowd? As a group associates and analysts routinely went out, sometimes with VP's. Directors took analysts out to lunch and on gambling excursions. Client interaction? Even if you got all this at a regional boutique and not many I've spoken to have - instead my friends at Piper are stuck doing co-managed equity follow-ons , you wouldn't get the name recognition and the recruiting advantages of the BB.
That's why I would always advise a kid with two offers to take the BB. I'll never forget interviewing at a regional boutique, feeding my interviewer the usual about why this boutique over the other BB's. I think I mentioned something about how I wanted to be at a place where you weren't put into the grinder for two years and spit out, and that I wanted to actually get something out of my experience.
The MD interviewing me replied "well, to be honest, we'll grind you up and spit you out in two years here, so what then? Why would I ever choose this over a bulge? Well, I must say, myself and those working alongside me are having a drastically different experience than you have described. I do work at a very reputable MM firm, but I don't think that matters considering MMs and boutiques always get thrown together. I won't get into the details, but all of the "smaller shop" reasons have proved true in addition to things I would never have thought of.
Maybe we're the exception to the rule, but my first deal is set to close by the end of the month, and I'm currently engaged on another live deal not to mention I'm slated to take over an addition one when our 2nd years leave. Oh, and, one of our third years has closed nine deals so far and we put one analyst per deal team.
I promise you his experience has far exceeded anything he could have obtained at a BB. Anyways, just some food for thought, not attempting to strike up an argument, especially on a topic discussed as heavily already as this one. I understand your points, I just don't think that is the correct message to be sending all of the starry-eyed college students out there. I definitely see your point, and here's not to say a well known MM or regional boutique can't be just as good as an experience or better than a BB.
For a kid who hasn't summered at either bank he has offers from 1 being BB , 1 being MM or boutique I compare the BB experience to a pretty expensive chain restaurant - no matter where you go, you know the food will be pretty good and you'll have a good dining experience and once in a while, the chef will hit the ball out of the park - for example, my friend in a BB satellite office has closed 4 multi-billion dollar deals, including one of the largest LBO 's of Alot of boutiques especially regional ones I compare to the random restaurant you walked by on 53rd - you have no idea how good it might be, it could be the next hidden gem, or it could be completely terrible.
At a BB , you know the experience may not be the best, but you know it will be good, and you'll have good opportunities. He is having a great experience and he's always excited to go into work every morning. If he wanted to go to KKR next year, could he? A possibility. As a top ranked analyst from HLHZ , is it possible that he'd get passed over in the recruiting process by a somewhat mediocre analyst from say, Morgan Stanley?
Quite possible. But regardless, I don't think he cares because he has no interest in PE and I think he'd be just as happy being promoted to associate. So for him, great choice. For Joe CollegeSenior who has no idea, it's much more objective. Damn, you took a God damned sledgehammer and hit the nail right on the head with it.
This is some real talk. I'll also add as a random afterthought that while nine closed deals is truly impressive, and one disadvantage to doing large, "elephant" deals is their volatility, when it comes to PE recruiting oftentimes one good announced transaction is all you really need. And sometimes, one excellent transaction can provide you with better experience than doing multiple transactions of relatively the same nature i. One of the guys in my group worked on what I like to call the group's "landmark" deal for the year you know, the one's the senior guys always point to tombstone -wise in pitches.
Without going into too much detail, it involved a sell-side opportunity that we passed on to pursue the buyside. The seller elected to go private with financing provided by 2 major competitors , resulting in a massive break-up fee and a 60 day go-shop. We took our client a strategic in a semi-friendly unsolicited bid past the break-up fee and taking the financing along the way.
So in one transaction this guy was able to get experience with a proxy battle, a large strategic merger, syndicated term loan, and a bond offering. Arguably the best experience I've ever seen an analyst get out of one deal - and it landed him at a top-tier PE. GameTheory, that was a great analogy with the restaurants. That has been my argument all along - going to a small boutique is completely random, whereas even a good MM and definitely BB firms are much more of a "sure thing.
Also, you don't even really need any closed deals to get a PE job. I've closed quite a few so far, but I've actually gotten better experience from some deals that have not closed or deals that have fallen apart! That deal you wrote above sounds like a great experience. I don't have anything that impressive, but I would add that some of my smaller deals are actually better to speak to in interviews rather than larger deals just because I contributed more personally or the deal was out of the ordinary distressed asset sales, for example , etc.
Definitely, personal involvement is a huge factor in your learning process and interviews kind of a "Captain Obvious" statement on my part. On top of that, the analyst from my group the industry group was a top performer and took on alot of of the responsibility himself.
It only cost him a few years off of his life and his ex girlfriend. Me personally, I only had two announced deals when I interviewed, and only spoke to 1 of them - a fairly large LBO that probably would have been one of the biggest if it had been done in , but nothing like and So I have some conflict advice regarding how to portray transaction experience on a resume for buyside opportunities. Here are the two main methods:.
List a select few good transactions and have bullet points describing what you did for each transaction and how you potentially added-value. Having bullet points up top describing how you built models and yada yada, and for transaction experience just listing all the transactions you were on. I used 2 when I went through recruiting, but I've seen both.
When I review banker resumes, I don't really read the bullets -- I know what the job entails. The page is full but I have bullets at the top and deals listed. It depends. Trying to break into private equity.
Here's another Private Equity Resume Review thread. They're about similar percentiles, I just think it'd be "too much" to have both on the resume, and the GMAT is so much more recent. If you're one year out of college and are looking to jump over to PE from IBD , should you put your education info at the bottom of the resume? Yes definitely. You should also be borrowing a friend's template or, less ideally, a headhunter's.
Hey monkeys first post longtime lurker. I'm having some difficulty formulating a concise description of my duties for a pe internship I'm currently completing. I've worked on one deal where i analyzed the pro-forma projections of this project and created a due diligence outlook of potential problems.
I know i probably sound like a halfwit for asking for help with this but I'm really struggling with creating a short concrete description of what I'm doing. You can try writing something like "Analyzed pro-forma projections of XXX in order to determine accuracy of financial statements". My experience has been heavy on the tech side in a leadership role.
I start my mba at a top 5 this fall. I am trying to network as much as I can during the two months I have here in H- town.. In response to one of my cold emails , I received a request for my resume from a senior professional at a middle market PE shop. I did try searching various threads on WSO but couldnt find anything on building a PE resume for non fin background. Would highly appreciate any help that y'all can provide o. Much thanks in Advance Sorry for this repeat posting, but I think this advice is relevant to PE-job-searchers.
Here's what worked for me, to hack the process and get in to PE. Conferences for networking: I attended industry events and set up quick side meeting. SuperReturns is in my opinion the best conference. They have a lot of PE GPs in attendance, and they have an opt out networking app so you can get your message in front of everyone. I brought deals. By finding, evaluating and presenting a few deals and passing them to GPs that I met at conferences I was able to keep top of mind and helped them see that I could add value to their firm.
They could see how I looked at deals, and could see I might be able to help them source. Plus who doesn't like to have deals sent to them, right? Building a niche. I have been able to sell myself on fundraising ability, cleantech domain knowledge, and mobile Internet domain knowledge.
Being a specialist means you don't compete against nearly as many people, as "you're a pool of 1". The biggest problem with PE is that there aren't enough seats for all the candidates. So by carving a niche, you can shift the conversation. Lastly, it's also key to try to understand the counterparty.
This is obvious so I won't make this a bullet point, but to the extent that you can really, really understand the hiring firm, and try to intuit what strategies they are trying to execute and where they have hurt points, that's where you'll find out what kind of a niche to carve out for yourself and how to position yourself.
WSO depends on everyone being able to pitch in when they know something. Join Us. Already a member? Rank: The Addict 50, Attached to the bottom of this post, you will find the Wall Street Oasis private equity resume template for experienced professionals, used by the WSO paid service and thousands of candidates to successfully land a job in private equity.
Resume Questions in Private Equity Interviews There's one very important aspect of your resume that pertains to private equity: deal experience. Candor - Private Equity Associate:. Log in or register to post comments. Private Equity Interview Course. Trusted by over 1, aspiring private equity professionals just like you. Learn more. Comments 76 Add comment. You really are the man. Get busy living. People often ask for a Deal sheet, but I keep that separate and only make it available on demand.
Winners bring a bigger bag than you do. I have a degree in meritocracy. Is skipping the objectives section advisable when looking for internships? I got plenty of interviews without an objective during undergrad, even outside of finance. Learn more Suggested Resource Learn More.
Commercial Real Estate Developer. Investment Banking Interview Questions. Hope that helps, Patrick. Hey Patrick, The one thing that I was wondering is--do we really include club experience from College? View 1 reply. I will download this for future endeavor. You da real MPV. May you - and this amazing forum - live long and prosper. But the PE recruiting process itself has changed, and that has affected resumes and deal discussions.
Specifically, the on-cycle process now starts ridiculously early and seems to start earlier each year. These are a bit different from previous templates shared on this site because I added more specific details for each entry. You should replace everything in  with language to describe your experience, but you can get ideas from the sample bullets here. Yes, you will submit a resume, which will include your undergraduate university, grades, and other experiences, hobbies, and interests, but discussions with headhunters will determine your fate.
Therefore, writing your resume matters not because of the written document, but because it forces you to pick deals to discuss and plan your discussions. But the process starts so early that you are unlikely to have any substantial deals from your current job. Therefore, you will need to spin quite heavily to come up with deals. It looks a bit odd to list only one deal, and if you list 4, 5, or 10 deals, it will be difficult to remember all the details — which makes the sweet spot.
If you somehow have the opposite problem — too many deals — then prioritize by size and your involvement. You will reference parts of 1, 2, and 3 on your resume, but you will not write anything about point 4 — save your opinions of deals for live discussions in interviews. You can see that on the template above — this person is not claiming any crazy results for their work.
You should keep the last two sections short and devote no more than 3 lines to Education — university name and location; major and graduation date; and grades and test scores. If you have nothing like that, then the best approach is to take your operational projects and spin them to discuss the financial impact on the company and investors. Yes, you will have to be proactive, learn enough to calculate these metrics, and look up the required information.
As you gain more experience in the industry, you should reduce the amount of space devoted to your non-PE experience until it disappears eventually. In his spare time, he enjoys memorizing obscure Excel functions, editing resumes, obsessing over TV shows, traveling like a drug dealer, and defeating Sauron.
Free Exclusive Report: page guide with the action plan you need to break into investment banking - how to tell your story, network, craft a winning resume, and dominate your interviews. No, we do not, because the ideas are pretty much the same. Very helpful, thank you. I have two questions. Do you have any deal sheet templates for experienced PE professionals? How much detail do I have to go into? You still write about how you drove the deal forward, affected the outcome, found errors or addressed problems, and so on.
Ideally, you will be able to name specific portfolio companies, deals, or positions in the last point because you should customize your story for each firm. You should outline a short, second version of your story, and then a longer, minute version. I joined Morgan Stanley after graduation and worked in credit risk and real estate investment banking, and now I want to combine those skills with my original interest in real estate and focus on debt investments in the sector.
I went to Grove Street after graduation to gain more deal and modeling experience, worked on co-investments there, and now I want to move into distressed debt investing to combine my previous experience with my interest in credit. If you made it into investment banking without prior internships that are relevant to this role, cite something else to explain your interest:. Focus on the experiences that help your case the most. Every interaction in the job search IS an interview, and your story is the most critical part of that.
If you have poor reasons for applying to buy-side roles when you speak with headhunters, your search is over. In his spare time, he enjoys memorizing obscure Excel functions, editing resumes, obsessing over TV shows, traveling like a drug dealer, and defeating Sauron. Free Exclusive Report: page guide with the action plan you need to break into investment banking - how to tell your story, network, craft a winning resume, and dominate your interviews. Beginning: Grew up in [xx].
Majored in [xx] and was a varsity athlete in sport [xx] at [xx]. Decided to go into banking because I was fascinated by how companies and investors made capital allocation decisions. Spark: During my first year in banking, I had a number of debates regarding the merits of single-stock investing with a second year in my group. After many debates, the second year asked me to read Margin of Safety and see if I still clung to the efficient market hypothesis after reading it.
Growing Interest: Read Margin of Safety and became enthralled with idea of value investing. I continued to read up on the subject, reading other books by famous value investors like Ben Graham, Howard Marks and Joel Greenblatt. Great, thanks Brian!
Agree with your approach on talking about having done some investing on my own. I think I can also add in a line about in the into about how I wrote my senior thesis on investing — more from an academic perspective — but still displays an early interest. Thank you for the informative post — I am currently a senior at an Ivy majoring in biology, and I will be starting full-time in healthcare team at a BB. I was curious whether you have any specific advice for me since I literally had zero finance internship or school activities.
I would use your remaining time between now and when you start working to enter investment competitions, find healthcare stocks you like and trade them, or do something else finance-related. I just got started at a pretty well known middle market IB shop in NY. I had one brief internship on the buy side during school and have been lucky enough as a first year to be placed on live deals which will probably close by year end I work in a consumer group. What would you see as the best course of action?
So I would start by contacting friends and acquaintances at bigger banks and seeing if they can refer you to recruiters. Then, research some hedge funds that focus on the strategy you prefer, and begin reaching out yourself via LinkedIn or just find the people on LinkedIn and email them by guessing the email format. Private Equity: You are more like a real estate investor, buying homes and commercial properties, improving them, and then selling them again in a few years to earn a profit — but you do this with large companies rather than properties.
You earn a percentage of the investment returns rather than commissions on completed deals. Private Equity vs Venture Capital. But beyond these high-level similarities, the industries differ in most other ways, including: Company Types: PE firms invest in companies across all industries; VCs focus on technology, biotech, and cleantech. Size: PE firms tend to do larger deals than VC firms.
Deal Structure: VC firms use equity to make their investments, while PE firms use a combination of equity and debt. Stage: PE firms acquire mature companies, while VCs invest in earlier-stage companies. People: Private equity tends to attract former investment bankers , while venture capital gets a more diverse mix : product managers, business development professionals, consultants, bankers, and former entrepreneurs.
Private Equity vs Hedge Funds. However, there are some important differences as well: Types of Investments: PE firms tend to acquire entire companies using equity and debt, while HFs acquire very small stakes in companies or other liquid, financial assets such as bonds, currencies, commodities, and derivatives. Investor Lockup: Due to the long-term nature of their investments, PE firms often require their LPs to lock up their money for years. But since hedge funds invest in highly liquid financial assets, redemptions tend to be much easier.
Fee Structure: Both firms charge a management fee on assets under management and take a percentage of investment profits carry , but these percentages tend to be lower for HFs, and performance is measured a bit differently NAV for hedge funds vs.
IRR and hurdle rates for PE firms. Required Skill Set: To work at a hedge fund, you must understand valuation and how to find mispriced financial assets. You also need valuation skills for private equity, but in addition, you must understand deals and how to source and execute them. Types of Private Equity Funds.
You can divide private equity firms according to: Stage of Investment — Very early stage? Target Geography — U. North America? Emerging markets? Value Added by the Firm — Do they focus on operational improvements, add-on acquisitions, restructuring, or something else? Exit Strategy — Do they plan to take portfolio companies public? Or sell them to strategic or financial buyers? A few of the more common fund types include: Venture Capital VC Funds — See the description above; they invest in very early-stage companies with high failure rates.
Growth Equity Funds — They invest in companies that are more mature and looking to scale up their operations or penetrate new markets. Mezzanine Funds — They provide high-yield debt to reasonably mature companies that generally have positive earnings and cash flow, but that need additional risk capital.
Real Estate Funds — They focus on properties either equity or debt and aim to buy, improve, and sell them over time. See: real estate private equity and real estate debt funds. Infrastructure Funds — Infrastructure PE funds invest in public infrastructure e. Fund of Funds — A private equity fund of funds invests in other private equity funds and is further removed from individual deals. Why Work in Private Equity?