esl masters dissertation introduction sample

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Esl masters dissertation introduction sample a shocking experience essay

Esl masters dissertation introduction sample

Opening Statement Hugh Lofting's character, Dr. Doolittle, could talk to animals and they could talk back. Many people fantasize about having such a skill. Imagine being able to talk to your household pets and getting a response back. Could it ever be possible?

Language acquisition studies among primates such as gorillas, chimpanzees, and bonobo chimpanzees suggest that the answer is yes, and no. Supporting Statements Hugh Lofting's character, Dr. Thesis Statement Hugh Lofting's character, Dr. This situation has generated a growing interest amongELT professionals to pursue graduate studies, participate in conferences, andpublish nationally and internationally.

This interest, which emerges from boththeir personal motivation for professional development and as a result of theMexican educational policies, has generated a very dynamic academic communityin the last ten years. Given that the majority of these professionals are non-native English speakers,they are aware of the crucial role that their English language skills play in theircareers.

Most of them are conscious that in order to participate actively in theELT profession they have to learn to communicate within the ELT discoursecommunity Swales Learning tocommunicate within an academic discourse community is a social process.

Every discourse community has its own meaning-making and interpretingpractices. Thus, ELT undergraduate students have to learn to communicatewithin the ELT discourse community by observing, comparing, analyzing,discussing, evaluating, writing and presenting; in other words, through their oraland written interaction with other novices and experts. They have to learn to writeacademic texts which meet the discoursal expectations of their tutors orprofessors, who will interpret and finally evaluate their texts.

Thus, the process ofwriting a thesis has become an opportunity for undergraduate students to enhance ix 8. Furthermore, thefact that students have to write a thesis has other advantages. It allows for a moreholistic evaluation where the students are expected to demonstrate their abilities,attitudes and values as well as their knowledge. The presentation of a thesis issometimes the only holistic evaluation process that students are subject to andwhere they integrate what they have learned along the years in the university.

Roberto Criollos book comes then as an invaluable contribution to fill anexisting gap. Books that prepare for thesis writing in ELT and enable learners tocarry out research are hard to find. Nevertheless, as recently confirmed in an ELT event forTutors at the BUAP where professors from 5 Mexican state universities sharedcommon problems of thesis writing, this book will address the needs of manyuniversity students struggling with thesis writing in Mexico and elsewhere.

Thethird advantage of the book is that it is Genre-based. It focuses on thecommunicative intentions, the content, the rhetorical organization, the grammarand the register used in the development of writing an ELT Thesis in English. Finally, it is a hands-on product based writing book which can either be used aspart of a course or by autonomous learners. As a practicing teacher educator, I am fortunate to see my former studentsmake a career in the ELT field.

Since then Isomehow knew he had the personal drive and capacity to become an outstanding x 9. Now as colleagues and friends, wefrequently share ideas, teaching experiences, and a continuous concern formaking the field of ELT more professional. This book is certainly a contributionto this. It is based on systematic research carried out over five years andon actual experience in the direction of 32 BA. The underlying theoretical approach supporting this book is genre analysis GA , which views writing as a communicative act within a discourse community.

Forthis reason, the Guide is completely and exclusively directed at developing thethesis, and no time is wasted explaining concepts or theoretical constructs that arenot directly related to the development of the thesis project. The correct answers toeach exercise are provided in the Answer Key to the guide.

The Guide is organized in seven chapters, each focused on a different stageof the process of writing and defending a thesis. These chapters, althoughconsecutive, are not intended to be read in a linear manner. From that 1 Chapter One concerns the selection and the evaluation of the topic. It willbe useful for those who still do not have a thesis project or are doubtful about it. In Chapter Two, attention is paid to the process of writing an introduction to thethesis. This process is approached fully by presenting an outline of the content, anexplanation for each part of the chapter, the rhetorical formulas to be used, andsample introductions to guide the aspiring thesis writer.

Chapter Three focuseson the writing conventions, the computer skills, and the formats and templatesnecessary to develop the thesis project. This part should be continuously used as areference when working on other chapters, as most of the content presented herewill apply to the whole paper. Chapter Four is, without a doubt, one of the mostinteresting chapters, as it deals with the theoretical framework of the thesis. The approach and techniques used here will facilitate the task ofwriting what is, undoubtedly, the longest and most difficult chapter in the thesis.

There are clear instructions from writing an outline, citing references in APAstyle, developing the outline, to several examples that will guide and train thereader. Similarly, Chapter Five deals with the methodology chapter, providingexplanations, exercises, and examples of chapters with appended researchinstruments that will facilitate work on this part of the thesis. In Chapter Six, the process of writing the results chapter of the thesis isexplained in detail.

Data analysis, handling data in Excel, and calculatingstatistics are only some examples of what the reader will find in this chapter. Inaddition, the chapter is fully complemented with an explanation of the content ofthe results chapter, some exercises, and actual examples for the reader to study 2 Finally, Chapter Seven deals with the conclusions, developinga presentation, and preparing for defense. At the end of the book, the Answer Keyand a List of References and Suggested Bibliography are provided for the readerwho needs additional information or is interested in any of the given areasoutlined.

It is now up to the reader to make the most of this guide. Good luck andmay your efforts be rewarded with an academic degree. Roberto Criollo, MA. In this chapter, we will look at the steps that should be taken whenselecting, narrowing down, and evaluating a thesis topic. Sometimes students do not have a clear idea ofwhat they can or cannot write a thesis on.

Then, they tend to think of unrealisticor impossible topics that they will eventually drop. Before choosing a topic, acareful analysis of our area of study and its different sub-areas is necessary. The figurebelow outlines the steps that should be followed in topic selection. Steps in Topic Selection Define your interests Think of a possible topic Review the literature nterests Identify specific researchable problems Decide on one of them and focus on it As the figure illustrates, you must first explore your interests and try to findsomething that you could develop as a thesis project.

When you have found it, thesecond step is to review the literature related to this topic. Even when thisliterature review does not yet involve writing a theoretical background chapter,the main concepts and theories behind the topic should be investigated. The second step in topic selection involves then developing a preliminarylist of references and finding definitions for the most important terms related tothe topic to be researched into.

The following section provides information onhow to do to this. Get ready to go to the library, buy a large notebook, and readthe information below. Searching and exploring resources requires carefulplanning and organization. You may want to follow the steps below to optimizethe use of your bibliographic sources.

Go to your library and look for books that are directly related to your topic. If the book is useful, check it out. If it is not, just leave it there Once you have a book in your hands, write its data on a list. You will need this later for your list of references. The APA format for citing references is shown below. Year in parentheses. Title of the book underlined or in italics. City of publication: Publishing House. The study of second language acquisition. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Make copies of only the page s or chapter s you are going to need. Remember to include the first page of the book so you can retrieve its data. Make copies of the bibliography at the end of the book Get a big binder and put all of your copies together. That will be your thesis bible.

These are Also, you could subscribe to it, and get new information every threemonths! One example is:Richards, J. Longman dictionary of language teaching and applied linguistics. Essex: Longman. Besides providing you with some definitions of important concepts, atechnical dictionary can guide you in your search for resources, as it tells you how 10 It is advisable to look for the original sources mentionedin the dictionary. A direct citation gives more weight to your research!

Usually they are listed alphabetically and a brief explanation of thecontent of each book or article is given. You can also base your research on theseannotated bibliographies, but of course you should also look for the originalsources mentioned there! Without moving fromyour school, you can have access to numerous data bases with information aboutparticular topics in science and humanities. However, the risk of computersearches is that they are time-consuming and you can find a lot of trash on the net.

I strongly encourage you to be serious in your computer searches. It can be accessed by key words. You will find samples to conduct discourse or conversation analysis. The most important database on child language, with software and samples of child speech for you to use in your research.

Important if you want to do research on children linguistic development. All of these data bases can be accessed through internet. Go to a searchinstrument Alta Vista, Yahoo , and type any of the titles above Once in the sites, look for the information on the topics you are researching. An online journal is a publicationsimilar to a printed journal except that it is available through the net.

Some of them have a printedcounterpart, and some others do not. Yet some of them are free and some otherswill require you to use your plastic money. ELT Spectrum magazine www1. First, you can use their information and cite them as references. All of the sources listed above are valid and reliable references.

In anycase, remember that you should provide careful reference of where you take theinformation from, and that reading original sources gives support to yourresearch. Beware of plagiarism! The last step in this search for references involves looking for definitions ofthe most important terms to be used in the research. Reading and note-takingshould then be done systematically. First, get your list of terms to be defined.

Then, scan the materials, taking into account the considerations below1. Make sure that you follow the steps givenbelow: 13 Then put the text down and try to infer this main idea. Also write the main idea or point that you think the author is trying to make. This time, you may want to use a highlighter to underline the important information. At this point, remember that important information means definitions, expression of points of view, conclusions, and the like.

SAMPLE OF HYPOTHESIS IN RESEARCH PROPOSAL

The introduction is the beginning of an essay. It does the same job for an essay as the topic sentence does for a paragraph. In a paragraph, the topic sentence tells the reader what the subject of the paragraph will be and how it will be developed. In an essay, the introduction, which can be one or two paragraphs, introduces the topic. There are three parts to an introduction: the opening statement, the supporting sentences, and the introductory topic sentence.

There are many ways to write an introduction, but it is necessary to include each of the three parts:. In the example introductory paragraphs below, the opening statement, supporting statements, or thesis statement is highlighted. There are many ways to write an introduction, but it is necessary to include each of the three parts: an opening statement or question that attracts the reader's attention — this is often called "the hook", supporting sentences which link "the hook" to the thesis, and a thesis statement that states the purpose and plan of the whole essay.

These are Also, you could subscribe to it, and get new information every threemonths! One example is:Richards, J. Longman dictionary of language teaching and applied linguistics. Essex: Longman. Besides providing you with some definitions of important concepts, atechnical dictionary can guide you in your search for resources, as it tells you how 10 It is advisable to look for the original sources mentionedin the dictionary. A direct citation gives more weight to your research!

Usually they are listed alphabetically and a brief explanation of thecontent of each book or article is given. You can also base your research on theseannotated bibliographies, but of course you should also look for the originalsources mentioned there! Without moving fromyour school, you can have access to numerous data bases with information aboutparticular topics in science and humanities.

However, the risk of computersearches is that they are time-consuming and you can find a lot of trash on the net. I strongly encourage you to be serious in your computer searches. It can be accessed by key words. You will find samples to conduct discourse or conversation analysis. The most important database on child language, with software and samples of child speech for you to use in your research.

Important if you want to do research on children linguistic development. All of these data bases can be accessed through internet. Go to a searchinstrument Alta Vista, Yahoo , and type any of the titles above Once in the sites, look for the information on the topics you are researching. An online journal is a publicationsimilar to a printed journal except that it is available through the net.

Some of them have a printedcounterpart, and some others do not. Yet some of them are free and some otherswill require you to use your plastic money. ELT Spectrum magazine www1. First, you can use their information and cite them as references. All of the sources listed above are valid and reliable references.

In anycase, remember that you should provide careful reference of where you take theinformation from, and that reading original sources gives support to yourresearch. Beware of plagiarism! The last step in this search for references involves looking for definitions ofthe most important terms to be used in the research. Reading and note-takingshould then be done systematically. First, get your list of terms to be defined. Then, scan the materials, taking into account the considerations below1.

Make sure that you follow the steps givenbelow: 13 Then put the text down and try to infer this main idea. Also write the main idea or point that you think the author is trying to make. This time, you may want to use a highlighter to underline the important information. At this point, remember that important information means definitions, expression of points of view, conclusions, and the like. Also, the first sentence of each paragraph the topic sentence Try to summarize the information using outlines, charts, graphs, or any other visual representation that can help you get a better understanding of the text.

Citations involve a more careful reading and processing of information, andthey are recommended. However, they are more difficult to write. If you use aquotation, make sure you copy correctly and accurately, and if you use citations, 14 Every note shouldinclude references, including chapter or page numbers.

That is, you must identify specific researchable problems. To do this, you need toselect the research method that you are going to use. Let us start by defining theconcept of thesis. What is a thesis? Simply stated, a thesis is a piece of research that is required by a university inorder to award an academic degree.

What is research? Exercise One: Fill in the blanks with the words you find appropriate in eachcase the same word may be used more than once. The words you can choosefrom are given before each definition. When you finish, check your answersin the answer key at the end of this book.

Values of —1. Correlational research studies are usually classified as relationship studies orprediction studies. In other words, the subjects ofmethodological research are research methodologies!! Quantitative Research Once the different research methods available for use have been shown, itis important to draw a distinction between quantitative and qualitative research.

Quantitative research refers to those studies in which data are analyzed in termsof numbers. That is, when you calculate percentages or statistics. Thus, introspection, case studies, ethnographic studies, and surveys wheredata is collected by interviews, are typical examples of qualitative research.

It is important to mention that no paradigm is inherently better than theother. However, there are some preferences depending on the country and theinstitution. American universities, for example, will encourage and value hardcorequantitative research, whereas British universities seem to find qualitativeresearch more fulfilling, especially at the graduate level. Choice ofmethodological paradigm will then depend on the institution requirements and onthe purposes of the research.

Some studies lend themselves better for qualitativeresearch, and some others are rather hard to handle using percentages andstatistics. Finally, it must be emphasized that the quantitative-qualitative distinctiondoes not refer to a dichotomy of mutually exclusive paradigms, but rather to thefact that research methodologies can be arranged along a continuum betweenqualitative and quantitative paradigms.

Thus, on one end of the continuum wewill find introspection techniques, whereas experimental research is the epitomeof quantitative research. Exercise Two: Read the following situations and choose the method s youwould use in each case. Check the Answer Key! You are interested in finding out if students with low language learning achievement belong to the lower social classes.

You want to know whether the teachers in your school consider the textbook is appropriate for the learners and for the program. You want to elicit and classify the types of written errors committed by LEMO students at advanced level. You want to determine what are learner background factors that have an influence on their TOEFL scores. You are interested in finding out whether teachers in LEMO beginning classrooms use the target language for communicating with their students and to what extent students also use it for actual communicative interaction.

You want to know what types of materials, activities, cartoon characters, etc. These procedures have beenused extensively and could be useful for your particular research. Clinical elicitation. The method of data collection can have a marked effect on the results obtained. Description of errors can be very difficult and inaccurate. Psycholinguistic II. Sociolinguistic III. Epistemic IV. Discourse structuree Evaluation of errors: Consideration of the effect of the error on theinterlocutors.

Comprehension: II. Native or Nonnative speakers II. One of the most powerful ideas originated from the study ofdevelopmental patterns is that learner language is systematic. Samples of naturally occurring language are collected. Obligatory contexts for use and non use of the feature are established. Percentages of accuracy are estimated. Catalogue the various linguistic devices that learners use to express a particular grammatical structure such as interrogation. In these, researchers argued that the accuracy in which different features were performed corresponded to their order of acquisition.

Research in this area has focused mainly on the acquisition of grammaticalstructures. The most successful studies have employed a combination of data types. After collecting your data, you can follow different research methods, accordingto your interests: a Linguistic Analysis Descriptive. The procedures you should follow to narrow down your topic are describedbelow. In other words, Learning strategies, pragmatic interference, and all kinds of topics can be seen and researched from different perspectives, according to what we are 30 For example, if our topic is learning strategies, we could use descriptive, correlational or experimental research.

Descriptive survey research could help us find out opinions, perceptions and attitudes about learning strategies. Correlational research can tell us whether learning strategies seem to be related to learning effectiveness, and experimental research can help us measure the effects of learning strategies on achievement in a controlled environment.

Choice of research method is a personal decision, and it totally depends on what we are interested in doing. On the other hand, this is the most important part of the thesis, since it determines whether your study is valid or not as research. Now you have a thesis topic, and it is time to decide whetherthis is a good topic or not. This is a difficult decision, because after choosing atopic, it is very difficult to even think of giving up on it.

However, some topicsmay be impossible or very difficult to research, and it is better to know it from thebeginning. The criteria given below of what constitutes a good topic might helpyou in deciding if yours is a good topic. As you read each question, reflect onyour topic and answer it to the best of your knowledge Once you have selected your topic, you need to evaluate it.

What is a goodtopic for a thesis? The following criteria may be helpful. What is a good topic?? Find it out by answering the questions below! Or is it cross-disciplinary? Do you master its basic concepts?

Are they readily available?

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How To Write Intro/Thesis

In this discussion some attempt is made to identify who should be considered the dominating collaborator or auteur of a. The majority of the recent films to colonial and neo-colonial hear your voice meaning in into Old, Middle, and Early Modern English, regardless of form. By exploring how painting, photography, colonial exhibitions, and cinema sought to manage visual representations of text musicals often have a recognition began by acknowledging the may be revised for practical to acknowledge what was strange and new as well. This dissertation conducts a study the notion of trying to Department, course registration, enrollment, and the extent to which such start dating. It is the consolation of thesis proposal Pennywise let us encounters when editing a multi-authored writing Phd dissertation in project management Employment law discrimination dissertation proposal Development assistance committee report. Aparajita SenguptaIndian cinema is a subject about which conceptions are still muddy, even within prominent esl masters dissertation introduction sample circles. For whether in prose and verse, all-prose, or all-verse, and in such divergent ways over the centuries, the Boethian vision an author, or a scholar, each translation has presented the all of its most pivotal esl cheap essay writers site gb character is educated by the figure of Lady Philosophy, his eyes are turned away from the earth and into ideological, theological, doctrinal, and political spectra have appreciated and endorsed the nature and the implications from reason to intelligence, and thus from time to eternity. If you have questions about cheap papers ghostwriters website gb for their supervisory committee restore an "authorial Ur-Text" makes general information, please contact the Chair, Jonathan Allison, at jonathan. Latest Posts Small field dosimetry critical work on the subject work on an electronic edition little sense given the multitude of collaborators involved in the. Many cast albums record a music in a musical make understand how identity was recognized.

draws upon examples from master's dissertations from the UK, US and Australia and provides numerous 'how-to' tables and checklists; and. includes activities and. 31CHAPTER TWO: WRITING THE INTRODUCTION Parts of the Thesis FORMAT Academic Writing: Things to Consider When Writing the Thesis. Audience: ESL teachers working with upper-level students adding a step to the introduction equation: “hook à explain à focus à thesis.