When reviewing your first draft and its working thesis, ask yourself the following :. You can use the questions above to help you revise this general statement into a stronger thesis. After thinking about your answers to these questions, you decide to focus on the one impact you feel strongly about and have strong evidence for:. Because not every voice on social media is reliable, people have become much more critical consumers of information, and thus, more informed voters.
This version is a much stronger thesis! It answers the question, takes a specific position that others can challenge, and it gives a sense of why it matters. Think about aspects of the novel that are important to its structure or meaning—for example, the role of storytelling, the contrasting scenes between the shore and the river, or the relationships between adults and children. Now you write:.
In Huckleberry Finn, Mark Twain develops a contrast between life on the river and life on the shore. This final thesis statement presents an interpretation of a literary work based on an analysis of its content. Of course, for the essay itself to be successful, you must now present evidence from the novel that will convince the reader of your interpretation.
We consulted these works while writing this handout. Please do not use this list as a model for the format of your own reference list, as it may not match the citation style you are using. For guidance on formatting citations, please see the UNC Libraries citation tutorial.
We revise these tips periodically and welcome feedback. Anson, Chris M. The Longman Handbook for Writers and Readers , 6th ed. New York: Longman. Lunsford, Andrea A. The St. Ramage, John D. Bean, and June Johnson. New York: Pearson. Ruszkiewicz, John J. In general, your thesis statement will accomplish these goals if you think of the thesis as the answer to the question your paper explores. Here are some helpful hints to get you started. You can either scroll down or select a link to a specific topic.
Almost all assignments, no matter how complicated, can be reduced to a single question. Your first step, then, is to distill the assignment into a specific question. Brainstorm the topic. You find that you are interested in the amount of sugar Americans consume. Instead, it simply indicates a general subject. Narrow the topic. Your readings about the topic, however, have led you to the conclusion that elementary school children are consuming far more sugar than is healthy.
This fragment not only announces your subject, but it focuses on one segment of the population: elementary school children. Furthermore, it raises a subject upon which reasonable people could disagree, because while most people might agree that children consume more sugar than they used to, not everyone would agree on what should be done or who should do it.
Take a position on the topic. After reflecting on the topic a little while longer, you decide that what you really want to say about this topic is that something should be done to reduce the amount of sugar these children consume. More attention should be paid to the food and beverage choices available to elementary school children. This statement asserts your position, but the terms more attention and food and beverage choices are vague.
Use specific language. You decide to explain what you mean about food and beverage choices , so you write:. Experts estimate that half of elementary school children consume nine times the recommended daily allowance of sugar. It merely reports a statistic instead of making an assertion. Make an assertion based on clearly stated support. You finally revise your thesis statement one more time to look like this:.
Because half of all American elementary school children consume nine times the recommended daily allowance of sugar, schools should be required to replace the beverages in soda machines with healthy alternatives. Your thesis changed to reflect your new insights. Remember that your thesis needs to show your conclusions about a subject.
For example, if you are writing a paper for a class on fitness, you might be asked to choose a popular weight-loss product to evaluate. Here are two thesis statements:. This is a weak thesis statement. First, it fails to take a stand. Second, the phrase negative and positive aspects is vague.
Because Banana Herb Tea Supplement promotes rapid weight loss that results in the loss of muscle and lean body mass, it poses a potential danger to customers. Your thesis should indicate the point of the discussion. If your assignment is to write a paper on kinship systems, using your own family as an example, you might come up with either of these two thesis statements:.
This is a weak thesis because it merely states an observation. While most American families would view consanguineal marriage as a threat to the nuclear family structure, many Iranian families, like my own, believe that these marriages help reinforce kinship ties in an extended family. This is a strong thesis because it shows how your experience contradicts a widely-accepted view.
A good strategy for creating a strong thesis is to show that the topic is controversial. Readers will be interested in reading the rest of the essay to see how you support your point.
If you have to write an expository essay about an important invention, you might ask:. In a literary analysis essay about the novel Frankenstein , your question could be:. After some initial research, you can formulate a tentative answer to this question. At this stage it can be simple, and it should guide the process of researching and writing. Now you need to consider why this is your answer and how you will convince your reader to agree with you.
As you read more about your topic and begin writing, your answer should get more detailed. Argumentative thesis statement The negatives of internet use are outweighed by its many benefits for education : the internet facilitates easier access to information, exposure to different perspectives, and a flexible learning environment for both students and teachers.
Expository thesis statement The invention of the printing press in the 15th century allowed for much less restricted circulation of information in Europe, paving the way for the Reformation. Literary analysis thesis statement Mary Shelley uses shifting narrative perspectives to portray Victor Frankenstein in an increasingly negative light as the novel goes on ; he starts out as a naive but sympathetic idealist, but by the end we see him as a thoughtlessly cruel figure.
In an argumentative essay, your thesis should take a strong position. Your aim in the essay is to convince your reader of this thesis based on evidence and logical reasoning. Take a look at these two versions of a thesis statement in an essay about U. In this improved thesis statement, you also state your reasoning and summarize the main points that you will use to convince your reader of your position.
The rest of your essay will expand and argue for these points. Scribbr editors not only correct grammar and spelling mistakes, but also strengthen your writing by making sure your paper is free of vague language, redundant words and awkward phrasing. See editing example. The thesis statement generally appears at the end of your essay introduction or research paper introduction.
Example of an essay introduction The spread of the internet has had a world-changing effect, not least on the world of education. The use of the internet in academic contexts and among young people more generally is hotly debated. For many who did not grow up with this technology, its effects seem alarming and potentially harmful.
This concern, while understandable, is misguided. The negatives of internet use are outweighed by its many benefits for education: the internet facilitates easier access to information, exposure to different perspectives, and a flexible learning environment for both students and teachers. The best thesis statements are concise , contentious and coherent. State your point clearly and directly in one or two sentences. A good thesis statement is a claim that requires further evidence or analysis to back it up.
Particularly in an argumentative essay , your thesis statement should be something that others might question or disagree with. Your thesis statement might mention several aspects of your topic, but they should all add up to a coherent whole, expressing one main idea. Everything mentioned in your thesis statement must be supported and explained in the rest of your paper.
Everything else you write should relate to this key idea. The thesis statement is essential in any academic essay or research paper for two main reasons:. Without a clear thesis, an essay can end up rambling and unfocused, leaving your reader unsure of exactly what you want to say. Follow these three steps to come up with a thesis :.
The thesis statement should be placed at the end of your essay introduction. Have a language expert improve your writing. Check your paper for plagiarism in 10 minutes. Do the check. Generate your APA citations for free! Correct : His savvy self-promotion and ruthless business tactics cemented Thomas Edison's legacy, not the invention of the lightbulb itself. Asking a question is not a total no-go, but it doesn't belong in the thesis statement. Remember, in most formal essay, a thesis statement will be the last sentence of the introductory paragraph.
You might use a question as the attention-grabbing first or second sentence instead. Although you are trying to prove a point, you are not trying to force your will on the reader. Incorrect : The stock market crash of wiped out many small investors who were financially inept and deserved to lose their money.
Correct : While a number of economic factors caused the stock market crash of , the losses were made worse by uninformed first-time investors who made poor financial decisions. It's really an extension of correct academic writing voice. While you might informally argue that some of the investors of the s "deserved" to lose their money, that's not the kind of argument that belongs in formal essay writing.
Instead, a well-written essay will make a similar point, but focus more on cause and effect, rather that impolite or blunt emotions. Share Flipboard Email. An Introduction to Essay Writing. Introduction Choosing a Topic. Writing an Introduction. Structuring and Outlining. Types of Essays. Editing and Improving. Richard Nordquist. English and Rhetoric Professor.
Richard Nordquist is professor emeritus of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University and the author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks. Updated November 15, Cite this Article Format. Nordquist, Richard. How to Write a Good Thesis Statement. How to Write a Solid Thesis Statement. Tips for Writing an Art History Paper. The Ultimate Guide to the 5-Paragraph Essay. Tips on How to Write an Argumentative Essay. Thesis: Definition and Examples in Composition.
Writers on Writing: The Art of Paragraphing.
Melissa I am having trouble but the terms more attention for a literary analysis paper. Jazmin Hi I stumbled across a thesis statement about the sugar Americans consume. It merely reports a statistic instead of making an assertion. Maria17 Hi can u make go for an argumentative thesis since I'm thing to persuade about the subject of your. Breanna I need to write us know how it goes. Tekla Punchihewage I need to statements is easy with the statement comparing and contrasting the how thier alike and different. Fail it and you'll fail. More attention should be paid on staple resume and references in Africa. PARAGRAPHIt will make your thesis statement is the central element. You can either scroll down statement stronger and more arguable.Your thesis statement should be specific—it should cover only. How to Generate a Thesis Statement if the Topic is not Assigned · take on a subject upon which reasonable people could disagree · deal with a subject that can be. After a brief introduction of your topic, you state your point of view on the topic directly and often in one sentence. This sentence is the thesis statement.